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Archive for June, 2011

Mathew Brady was one of the first photographers to capture the perils of the Civil War, starting with the Battle of Bull Run in 1861.  Brady was born in 1823 in Warren County, New York.  The son of Irish immigrants, he mastered the craft of taking photographs and developing plates with precision.  He photographed the Battle of Bull Run and started a successful business that employed photographers who also captured the bullets of the Civil War.

Mathew Brady Timeline

Relate It!

Brady got his start in photography under the tutelage of daguerreotypist Samuel F.B. Morse.  Realizing that he had a talent for photography, he opened a gallery in New York City shortly after learning the craft.  Brady understood the importance of capturing figureheads, politicians, events, and interesting people realizing their historical relevance.  He was the first photographer to capture famous people in the United States and felt a moral obligation to capture history for future generations.  The father of photojournalism, Brady is quoted saying, A spirit in my feed said go, and I went.  His first encounter of Civil War photography was at the Battle of Bull Run.   This turned out to be a very real introduction to the dangers and perils of war.  Brady got lost for three days, disoriented, and almost starved to death during the confusion of Bull Run.  He ended up in Washington, DC and became the foreman of Civil War photography.

Mathew Brady with Union Army, 1862

Brady hired  Alexander Gardner, James Gardner, Timothy H. O’Sullivan, William Pywell, George N. Barnard, Thomas C. Roche, and seventeen other men to photograph battles taking place during the Civil War.  He invested over $100,000.00 of his own money to fuel the efforts, sending wagons equip with dark rooms, equipment, and materials needed to create over 10,000 plates.

Brady’s efforts were tireless in capturing the historical event in our nation’s history.  He passed away underappreciated, alone, and financially destitute.

No one will ever know what they cost me; some of them almost cost me my life. – M. Brady

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Initial Sketch #1 for Commission

First things First:

Gallon starts by conceptualizing an idea.  This summer he is working on a commission for The Lutheran Theological Seminary, who initially asked for four historically accurate representations of their location during the Civil War, their only requirement, have the seminary showing in a specific area of the painting.  Gallon starts by researching and looking at old maps, landlines, photographs of the town and seminary and consults Wayne Motts, Executive Director of the Adams County Historical Society.  They quickly realize that the small house and white picket fence displayed in period pictures still exists.  The view of the seminary is geographically correct and they have a base layout to build the painting around.  This particular piece has a man riding into town and townspeople in action.  Gallon creates four scenes around the historical event using first-hand accounts of journals to format the forefront action.  His sketches are approved by the historians he is partnering with for the piece and then shown to the customer.  The seminary chose one of four sketches for its visual interest and historical accuracy.  While Gallon explains the process and shows his sketches, visual aids of photographs then and now, he points out that the building still stands in Gettysburg today, highlighted by a white picket fence.

Gallon uses live models, pictures of soldiers, and 3D models of horses to get the muscles, movement, and every wrinkle in the men’s clothing accurate.  He works on a composition which allows him to display the light in the painting accurately, creating a third dimensional tone.  This allows the painting to have depth and makes it believable.  If the brain doesn’t detect any divergences then he has been successful.

Sketch of Commission #1

During this time, he researches what the weather on that day was like, which way the wind was blowing, and other elements, subtle or standout that may have occurred on that day.  Gallon explains that wind, especially during battles was crucial to the outcome.  Depending on which way the smoke would carry, enemies could ‘read the sky.’  The wind is also important in capturing movement of flags, etc.

Once Gallon feels comfortable with the rendering, he will transfer the work to canvas.  The first step is covering the canvas with a transparent wash, this allows for tonal work, and helps create the dimensional look once more paint is added.  The wash can be a warm or cool tint, depending on the weather or feel of the painting Gallon is creating.  Gallon then paints the background landscape, sky, and hills to create distance.  Then he continues his way to the forefront by layering paints.  He keeps each layer thin which captures dimension.  Detailed items such as close landscape, uniform embellishment, and weaponry are painted last.

Gallon spends about six months on one piece of artwork, from concept to fruition.  During his painting, historians will look in on his work and require that modifications be made to the piece.  Details such as button size, shape, coloration of

Dale Gallon in Studio

aprons, patterns, boots on townspeople, and how a hat is resting on a young girl’s head are all up for scrutiny.  As he continues he shares with the historians his ideas and many times they show historical evidence that an outfit is slightly off.  Gallon is use to these small changes and welcomes their feedback.  He is adamant about assuring a historically accurate painting so if he has to make changes to a piece, he does.  Gallon said he would rather be critiqued in the studio then have an art historian or Civil War collector point out an inaccuracy in his gallery.

Many of the pieces that Gallon makes are commissioned by museums or institutions.  These paintings demand accuracy as Gallon’s work becomes the hallmark of history.  He puts the same painstaking work into each piece because he understands with each piece he is making history.

Once Gallon has completed a piece, he makes prints to offer in his gallery.  The canvas is photographically scanned, the machine pixilating colors.

“Each of the four main printing ink colors, cyan, magenta, yellow, and black, are separated out of the image and placed on their own individual layer of film.  The screens are laid in four different angles when printed in order to create a ‘rosette’ shape – thus appearing a solid color.  The dot size of a limited edition print is so tiny a person would need a special magnifying glass in order to see them,” says Gallon.

Gallon then inspects the proof for coloration and accuracy against the original painting.  Then the print goes into production.

“All products used to print a limited edition print are destroyed once the full run has been printed.” – Gallon

The final step for the prints is inspection, matting, and framing.  Gallon takes great pride in the matting of a piece and extrapolates colors out of the print to choose a matting package.  He also numbers and signs each piece, signifying his approval.

Dale Gallon Painting in Progress

The prints are ready for purchase.

Gallon, “hopes to help our future generations understand what a great history our nation has and stimulate the thirst for historical knowledge for all Americans.”

“I happen to live within a mile or two of where General Robert E. Lee led the Amy of Northern Virginia into the pivotal battle of the War.  The battlefield is my office.  I don’t need much more inspiration.  I suspect people who collect my paintings feel that on the canvas.” – Dale Gallon

Dale Gallon Historical Art Gallery

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The rolling fields of Gettysburg come alive with reenactors, statues to Civil War legends and Dale Gallon’s art.  Gallon has a seeded love for the Civil War that comes from gingerly flipping through his father’s Civil War portrait books at Christmas time in Southern California.   Enamored by the vivid colorations and stately looks of Generals in battle, Gallon remained mystified by the action scenes and fields of Gettysburg where historical battles erupted.

Artist Dale Gallon

Artist: Dale Gallon

Birthplace: Southern California

Studio:  Gettysburg, Pa.

Education: Art Center College of Design in Los Angeles

Previous Occupations: McDonnell Douglas Corporation, educator at the University of California Long Beach, free-lance artist

Remarks:

I happen to live within a mile or two of where General Robert E. Lee led the Army of Northern Virginia into the pivotal battle of the War.  The battlefield is my office.  I don’t need much more inspiration.  I suspect people who collect my paintings feel that on the canvas. – Dale Gallon

Galleries/Museums: U.S. Army War College, the Pentagon, Fort Leonard Wood, MO, Tanenbaum Park & Guilford, Battleground in Greensboro, NC, Virginia Military Institute, Command and General Staff College in Leavenworth, KS, Minnesota State Capitol, and  private collectors.

 

Dale and Anne Gallon

Hopes:

“That future generations understand what a great history our nation has and stimulates the thirst for historical knowledge for all Americans.”  – Dale Gallon

Process:

Painstaking research goes into every Gallon original and it’s not just Gallon alone that creates the final rendering.  He relies on a team of historians, professors, and Civil War experts to ensure an accurate glimpse into history.   On one of my visits to Gallon’s studio in Gettysburg, he explained to me the concept behind the painting and all of those involved in getting a final piece completed.

Here is his process…


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